Tourists come to Estonia primarily to get acquainted with the ancient and original culture of this country, to visit the wonderful song performances that this land is so famous for, and also to relax in the seaside resorts of the Baltic coast.
 
Northern Estonia  
Northern Estonia is a land of sandy beaches and steep seashores, old estates and ruins of order castles, fortified churches and monasteries, a land of cultures and turbulent history. In these places there is a limestone plateau of the North Estonian Glint, stretching along the entire northern coast from Narva to Cape Pakri. In some places, the glint gently descends to the sea itself (Cape Pakri), in some places it rises as a steep cliff (in Ontika - 56 m). On a limestone plateau covered with only a thin layer of soil, there are unique fields of juniper thickets.
 
Tallinn  
Tallinn (www.tallinn.ee) is one of the best-preserved medieval cities in Europe (for the first time in written sources this settlement of the ancient Estonians was mentioned in 1154). The historical center of the city - the Old Town, consists of the ancient Vyshgorod located on the Toompea hill with numerous cathedrals, fortress walls and medieval towers, and the Lower Town located to the southeast of it. The Vyshhorod Castle was founded by the crusaders in the 13th century, rebuilt several times, and today its main attractions are the Gothic Dome Cathedral Toomkirk (XIII-XV centuries) with a massive baroque tower (XVIII century), three corner fortress towers (XIV-XVI centuries), including the famous Pikk Hermann ("Long German", XIV-XV centuries). Old houses with red tiled roofs, winding and narrow streets, remains of the city walls, swept roofs and, of course, the hallmark of Vyshgorod - numerous weather vanes - all this creates a unique flavor of this part of the Estonian capital.
 
The lower city (XIV-XVI centuries) in the Middle Ages was also surrounded by city defenses, from which only numerous fragments of walls (XIII-XVI centuries) and 18 towers (out of 27) have survived to this day, of which special interest represent Pax to Margaret ("Fat Margarita ", XVI century) with an exposition of the Maritime Museum, Kiik-in-de-Kek ("Look into the kitchen", XIV-XVI centuries) with a museum of ancient weapons, and the highest tower - Küster. The arch of the Great Sea Gate adjoins Pax Margareta, and on the other side of Pikk Street Yalg ("Long leg", the oldest street in Tallinn), the famous houses " Three sisters" (XV century), closely clinging to each other.
 
One of the main sights of the city is Raekoya Square (Town Hall) with the City Hall (1402-1404), which houses another symbol of the city - the famous weather vane Vana Toomas (Old Thomas), and dozens of cafes and restaurants. On the Town Hall Square there is a metal circle symbolizing the center of Tallinn, as well as the oldest pharmacy in Europe. Be sure to visit the complex of buildings of the Great Guild (XV century), the House of the Brotherhood of the Blackheads, "street-stairs" Luhike Yalg ("Short Leg"), a monument to the sailors of the battleship "Mermaid" (1902) on the shores of the Gulf of Finland, Katarina Artisans Street, Viru Gates on the street of the same name with dozens of interesting shops, as well as the intricacies of narrow streets and arches of the Old Town with residential merchant houses of the 15th-16th centuries.
 
There are many churches in Tallinn, among which the gothic Olaviste Church (St. Olai, XV - early XVI centuries, the highest in the city and one of the highest in Europe) with unique Gothic choirs, Niguliste (XIII-XV centuries), Pyukhavaimu (Holy Spirit, XIV century) with a magnificent clock and "hanging pulpit", the most beautiful church of Alexander Nevsky and the church of Our Lady of Kazan. Of no less interest is the palace and park complex Kadriorg (1718-1736), built by Peter I for his wife, with the Museum of Peter the Great not far from the famous Singing Field. Now the residence of the President of Estonia is located here, and chamber concerts and exhibitions of fine arts are regularly held in the halls of the palace.
 
There are more than 20 museums in Tallinn - the Museum of Applied Arts, the Workers' Cellar, the Maritime Museum, the Gun Tower, Kiik in de Kek, the Museum of Nature, the Rocca al Mare Open Air Museum, the Tallinn City Museum, the State Historical Museum, the Estonian Art Museum near Toomkirk and others. In the evenings, dozens of theaters open their performances, including such well-known troupes as the Russian Drama Theatre, the Opera and Ballet Theater "Estonia", the Estonian Drama Theatre, Gorrhall, the Old Town Studio, the City Theatre, the Puppet Theater and the Von Krali Theater.
 
Near the coastal highway there is a venue for numerous exhibitions - "Flower" and "Blue" pavilions, and nearby - the Olympic Village, the first-class yacht club of the Sailing Center and the cozy beach in Pirita. In the green area on the outskirts of the city there are the Tallinn Zoo, amusement parks in Kadriorg and Rocca al Mare Tivoli, the picturesque lake Ülemiste, the smallest castle in the Baltics - the Kiiu Tower (1517), as well as the summer cottage area Muga. 33 km. southeast of Tallinn, next to the well-known horse riding center in Niitvälja, there is also the only 18-hole golf course in the Baltics.
 
 
Narva  
The city of Narva (www.narva.ee), although seriously damaged during the Second World War, has retained its main attractions - the medieval Narva Castle, city fortifications, the Baroque Town Hall, the Orthodox Resurrection Cathedral, etc. Moreover, a trip to Narva can easily be combined with a trip to Ivangorod (the distance between them is a little more than 200 meters) and a comparison of two fortresses located in these cities.
 
Narva-Yesuu (Ust-Narva)
Ust-Narva is the Russian name, in Estonian the city is called Narva - Yesuu, which is basically the same thing. As follows from both names, the city is located at the mouth of the river Narva (Narova). A small resort town stretches along the sea for several kilometers. A beautiful beach with fine light golden sand, a beautiful pine forest, quiet streets, parks and the purest air - this is what Ust-Narva is all about. The population is only about 3,000 people, but this is in winter, as in summer the population increases many times over. In those days, Gungerburg acquired its fame as a resort of Ust-Narva in the 19th century, especially many guests came from St. Petersburg. Repin, Shishkin, Tchaikovsky, Stravinsky and many other famous writers, composers and scientists rested here. At the laying of the church on August 5, 1890, Alexander III was present with Empress Maria Feodorovna and other members of the imperial family. The emperor laid the first stone and a coin at the foundation of the temple, and also donated 5,000 rubles. The church was destroyed during the Second World War. In Soviet times, every self-respecting ministry tried to have a sanatorium or rest home in Ust-Narva, and a pioneer camp. Now the number of vacationers is growing every year, including a lot from Russia, many are no longer satisfied with the services of hotels, but are buying real estate. Most buyers are residents of St. Petersburg and Moscow.
 
West Coast  
The west coast is the land of original architecture, sandy beaches, fresh air and warm sea. Dozens of old fortifications, ruins of medieval castles, fortified churches and monasteries are located here. Thousands of tourists are attracted by the resorts of Pärnu and Haapsalu with their therapeutic mud, traditional fishing villages on small islands, as well as ancient settlements, episcopal castles, nature reserves and national parks. This is a great place for water sports, diving and yachting, and numerous small islands are listed in the UNESCO Biosphere Fund.  
 
Insular Estonia 
 
Island Saaremaa  
Saaremaa Island - www.saaremaa.ee - (Ezel), the second largest island in the Baltic Sea (2668 sq. km.) and the largest island in Estonia, is considered the most "Estonian " place in the country. Here, among the forests and charming juniper heaths, wooden windmills, medieval stone churches and ancient farms with thatched buildings have been preserved. Kuressaare (www.kuressaare.ee), the center of the island of Saaremaa, was founded in the 14th century. as a castle-fortress, and by the middle of the XVI century. was already a famous port and trading center. Today, the city is known far beyond the borders of the country for its Bishop's Castle - the only completely preserved (and largest) medieval castle in the Baltic countries. This square building (42 x 42.5 m.) was built for almost 100 years and inspires respect with its almost 40-meter 7-story watchtowers and powerful bastions. The castle houses the Saaremaa Museum and the Art Gallery, the museum "Manor" is also interesting. Mihkli" in the village of Viki. You should definitely visit the Viidumäe (1/3 of all relic plants of the country) and Vilsandi reserves, the Panga limestone cliff (21 m), the geological reserve of Lake Kaali (absolutely round lake of meteorite origin, about 3 thousand years old) and the picturesque lake Karujärv. There are many excellent diving sites off the coast of the island, and the coast, although quite rocky, has an indescribable "Baltic color".
 
 
Island Hiiumaa  
The nearby island of Hiiumaa - www.hiiumaa.ee - (Dago) is absolutely different from the "neighbor". Quiet and calm, filled with Baltic winds and indescribable local flavor, it seems to be preserved in time. Islands "Business card" - the third oldest lighthouse in the world - 104-meter Kõpu (1500) 37 km. from the capital of the island - the city of Kärdla. Nearby is a memorial to the victims of the crash of the ferry "Estonia" (1994). Coastal villages with log houses and winding stone fences allow you to get acquainted with the life of the islanders and their peculiar culture. Also interesting are the Hiiumaa Museum in Kärdla, one of the most beautiful manor houses in Estonia - Suuremõisa Palace (1755-1772), and the Söera Open Air Ethnographic Museum in Pühalepa (open only in summer).
 
The favorite habitats of migratory birds - the island of Hiiumaa, Käina Bay, the Matsalu nature reserve and the southeastern islands, are also among the best ornithological sites in Europe. The tiny island of Abruka with a small natural reserve, located 6 km. from the southern coast of Saaremaa - "Baltic Mecca" ecotourists. There are many clubs and riding schools in the country, and horseback riding tours held in the most beautiful places in the country are very popular. The conditions for sea and river fishing are also good (fishing without a license is possible only with one rod with a rod no longer than 1.5 m), in addition to beautiful coastlines and clean water bodies, there are more than 30 specialized fish farms.
 
 
 
South Estonia  
South Estonia - "green heart" countries - forested hills with sparkling streams stretch from horizon to horizon, dozens of lakes surrounded by dense forests turn blue between the hills, and small towns and villages are filled with national color - the Seto people live here with their original language and culture, deserving special attention.
 
 
Tartu  
The capital of the region is the most important cultural center of Estonia and the oldest city in the Baltics - Tartu (www.tartu.ee). Known since 1030 as Yuryev (1224-1893 - Dorpat), the city looks even "younger" Tallinn. Tartu is known for its University - one of the oldest in Europe, founded in 1632 by order of the Swedish king Gustavus Adolphus. The ruins of the Cathedral of Peter and Paul (XII-XV centuries), the powder magazine (now there is a restaurant) at the foot of the Toomemägi hill, a favorite resting place for townspeople and guests, whose spurs connect two original bridges - Angels and Devils, have also been preserved from bygone times. The building of the Town Hall, the Jaani Church (mid-14th century), the Tartu Observatory and the Botanical Garden are of interest. There are many museums in the city, including the Museum of the History of the University of Tartu, the Estonian Sports Museum, the Museum of Geology, the Museum of Zoology, the Museum of Art, the Art Museum, the Ethnographic Museum, the Museum of the History of the City, the O. Luts House Museum, the Children's Museum, etc. More than 11% of the city's territory is occupied by parks, and the picturesque valley of the Emajõgi River and the adjacent hilly plain provide excellent opportunities for outdoor activities.
 
From Tartu you can visit the most famous places in southern Estonia - the popular resort center of Otepää (www.otepaa.ee) with the Otepää Church (1860) - the birthplace of national flag, Võru (www.werro.ee) with its "Valley Soloviev", Valga (www.valga.ee) with its oval church of St. John and the mausoleum of Barclay de Tolly, quiet Viljandi (www.viljandi.ee) with the ruins of a crusader castle, as well as small Põlva with a church dating from 1432 and an interesting Peasant museum.
 
A characteristic feature of the country's historical heritage is the abundance of secluded palaces, manors and estates, each of which is a self-sufficient historical object. The most interesting are Palmse Palace (1753), Vihula Manor (XIX century) and Sagadi Palace (1749-1750) near Viitna, on the territory of the Lahemaa National Park - the largest in the country, as well as Sangaste Castle (1874-1881 years) north of Valga, Yaieda Castle (1915) 64 km. from Tallinn, Alatskivi castle (1876-1882) on the coast of Lake Peipus, Olustvere manor (XVIII century) with a well-preserved park in which about 100 species of trees grow, the ancient fishing settlement of Altja on the coast of Vergi Bay, Rägavere manor (1780 d.) at the exit from Rakvere (www.rakvere.ee), the open-air museum of the village of Koguva (Muhu island), the fortified castle of Purtse (XVI century) and many others.
 
The country's beautiful landscapes are considered to be among the most untouched places in Europe. Places such as the picturesque steep bank of the Ahja River near Põlva, the picturesque Kotiorg (Kütiorg) valley dissected by many lakes, forests and ravines, the Haanja Upland, "sacred lake" Pühajärv south of Otepää, Aegviidu near Tallinn or Otepää in the south of the country are recognized centers for eco-friendly recreation and active tourism. In the vicinity of Tallinn, Pärnu, Elva, Vändra, Narva, on the islands of Saaremaa and Hiiumaa, there are excellent places for cycling. The best areas for kayaking and canoeing are sandy cliffs of the high banks of the Ahja River with colorful geological deposits, Endla Reserve, as well as raised bogs in the Sooma Reserve (www.soomaa.com).